Gearbox installation

Gearbox installation comes with a number of issues which if not addressed can lead to future wear and tear. Good gearbox repair and service company should be called to perform the work. Some points which are to be considered in this regard are as follows. One important point is that a process overview will be given in the latter part:

  • Initial processing

Good support and foundation are necessary to install the gearbox. The surface leveler should be used to determine the accuracy. Rigid foundation should be used to address the factors like vibration, shaft misalignment and deflection. Good quality foundation bolts should be used so that the unit is installed firmly onto the base.

  • Installation

The mounting surfaces should be checked for once the packing is removed and they should be flat. There are certain lifting points which are provided for equipment lifting. The lower lifting points are for the entire unit. Upper lifting points are for removal of upper part of the gearbox for maintenance purposes. Leveling of the unit is crucial and this is done by a precision engineer. Once the unit rests on the foundation bolts then nuts are to be tightened. The level is rechecked and additional equipment is also aligned as according to the main gearbox.

  • Lubrication

If the gearbox is a new installation then first-time lubrication is a must. All bearings of gearbox must be oiled and checked. The level gauge should also be checked and the oil level must match it. Every brand is not good for the machine so it is advised to only go for recommended brand by the manufacturer. Some manufacturers embed the method of force lubrication. In such condition the piping and fitting are also provided. These fittings are disabled if transportation of the unit is required and on-site they have installed once again. In the case of force lubrication the foundation bolts are only tightened once the piping is fitted.

  • Gauging the pressure

This system indicates that the oil is being delivered to all parts of the gearbox. Normal pressure is 1 bar and rise in this means that the oil blockage has occurred. The loss in pressure also indicates that there is a problem of leakage has occurred. The best part of new gearboxes is the installation of a pressure switch which continuously checks the pressure. The unit automatically stopped if the pressure is below the requirements.

  • Oil filter management

It is one of the most important things connected to pressure maintenance. The oil filter should be checked and changed at regular intervals. Filter baskets are also to be replaced. If the manufacturer has made magnetic plug a part of oil filter then it should also be checked and changed if required. If the magnetic plug is found with excessive metal then the complete investigation is required in this regard.

  • Oil management

The manufacturer’s guide should be read on how and when to change the oil. The gear case should also be washed with an appropriate compound to ensure that the oil deposits are removed. Oil levels and the entire unit should be periodically checked.

Waste Plasma Processing Technology In The World

The problem of household and industrial waste recycling is acute, but it seems that plasma technology can be the right panacea to all the problems in the nearest future. Simdean, the innovator of industrial waste disposal, plasma waste disposal and a well-established industry researcher, continues to acquaint you with the news, advances and major events of plasma waste technology. Today’s article focuses on one of the most prospective regions as for plasma technology usage – Russia.

The state of affairs

Russia annually produces about 3.8 billion tonnes of waste. On average, 10% – 15% of garbage is recycled. Municipal solid waste is processed by only 3% – 4%, industrial – by 35%. Basically garbage dumped in landfills – there are over 11,000 of such areas in the country. They store about 82 billion tons of waste. That’s a significant figure.

Currently, this technology is being promoted and developed by a team of associates of specialized research Institute of Instrumentation (SNIIP) under the direction of Valery Gnedenko. Apart from doctors recognized by the Russian community the team includes experts from a number of international scientific organizations. Their main is to promote technologies for plasma processing waste using domestic equipment both inside Russia and around the world, including Europe, the USA and Japan. The results are impressive so far, 11 new facilities were launched since 2014, altogether allowing to process 10 million tons of waste monthly.

Why plasma processing

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Graphene Superconductivity New Research Results

According to the article published in the Nature Communications journal, American physicists have discovered the method of boosting graphene superconduction properties while studying the material’s carbon and calcium monatomic layers.

Thus, physicists have been able to turn graphene into super-fast ‘highway’ for electrons, ‘With this brand-new technique we have managed to demonstrate how electrons in graphene layers form into Cooper pairs, which in turn provides superconductivity, as well as highlights the role of calcium layers. Now we can claim that we understand the nature of superconductivity in graphene fully’, Jonathan Sobota from Stanford University says.

Sobota and his colleagues said that they were able to uncover the secret of superconductivity for graphene and find several methods for practical implementation, due to a thorough research of the graphene sandwich structure and ultrathin calcium sheets through applying a synchrotron SSRL emitter in SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory at Stanford.

As noted by the authors, physicists around the world are well aware of graphene and calcium sandwiches superconducting properties for almost 10 years. In recent years, scientists have tried to reproduce this property in pure graphene as well as in a range of other materials; however, the attempts resulted in a failure due to lack of understanding on superconductivity nature.

Sobota group has resolved this problem, by lighting up the pieces of graphite and calcium sheets using X-ray appliances, which helped them understand how electrons move within these sandwich and how the so-called Cooper pairs are formed within the material that provide superconductivity .

Graphene Vision Unlocked

A group of researchers from the University of Michigan, headed by a seasoned electrical engineer Zhaohui Zhong, has found a way to create tiny imagers that do not require refrigeration. The brand-new technology utilises graphene and, in fact, represents an infrared camera of a fingernail size. Compared to the current cumbersome thermal imaging devices, the technology is fairly considered to be a major breakthrough in miniaturisation field.

It’s a common knowledge that graphene is capable of perceiving infrared radiation at room temperature. Unfortunately, the sensitivity of graphene IR sensors was pretty low (100-1000 less than a commercial device requires) until now, and that was the cause of inability to produce an electrical signal, sufficient for an imager.

To resolve this problem, the researchers decided to abandon the conventional technology of the optical sensor when the infrared light falls on graphene, releases electrons, which in their turn create an electronic signal. Instead, the inventors decided to analyze how the light-induced electric charges applied to the upper graphene layer affect the current flowing through the lower layer. Thus, the scientists have combined together two layers of graphene: the lower layer missed electric current, while the top one began to irradiate infrared light. It turned out that under the influence of infrared radiation, electrons leave positively charged holes in graphene’s upper layer. These holes contribute to the emergence of an electric field which affects the flow of electrons in the lower layer of graphene. Therefore, basing on the oscillation parameters measurement technology of the current in the lower layer, it is possible to create ultra IR sensor.

Given the latest achievements, an extremely compact infrared sensor based on graphene can accommodate even on the surface of the contact lens. In the presence of savvy graphene companies, such as 2-DTECH or Graphene Technologies, promoting graphene uses to make benefits from innovations, there is no doubt that the technology will enter the mass production if the trials are a success.

According to the developers, the new IR sensor has the same sensitivity in the mid-IR range as modern thermal imagers. Taking in account it doesn’t require efficient cooling it can be used in mobile phones, glasses and even contact lenses.



Ultrasound Cleaning Quality Factors & Evaluation

The quality of cleaning is directly influenced by temperature, detergent mixture composition, mixing intensity, duration of treatment and the method of drying.

With increasing temperature improves the cleaning ability of solvents as well as cleaning quality. However, at high temperature regimen some contaminants may be fixed on the surface, while during removing dirt containing soluble and insoluble components, soluble components can be quickly removed quickly, while insoluble can still be fixed on the surface. To simultaneously remove both types of contaminants, it is advisable to reduce the temperature of the cleaning solution. During the cleaning process to prevent the defects the desired temperature must be constantly measured and maintain accurately.

When cleaning a large number of parts in a bath with cleaning solution contamination may occurs and due to re-deposition on the cleaned surface this contamination decreases the quality of treatment. It is therefore necessary to regularly replace contaminated solution with fresh solvent. The degree of contamination of the solvent is figured out basing on its resistivity or the boiling point (with grease saturation its temperature rises). To improve the quality of cleaning it is necessary to increase the intensity of mixing the solution.

An increase of cleaning time does not always allows significantly increase the purity of the workpieces. In some cases, to improve the surface finish it is advisable to repeat the treatment.

The soluble compounds, which are deposited by evaporation on the surface of the liquid may cause the formation of stains and smudges. These defects appear when you use not enough clean liquid. To remove smudges and stains the parts are subjected to more effective cleaning solutions, solvent vapor degreasing and dried on high-speed centrifuges. With this drying dissolved contaminants are removed from the surface together with the liquid under the influence of centrifugal forces before the liquid has time to evaporate. One of the methods to improve the quality of cleaning is conducting basic treatment of contaminated parts and subjecting them to intensive cleaning using special technologies.

When working with organochlorine solvents the engineers should not be allowed ingress of water as hydrolysis – the interaction of the solvent with water to form hydrochloric acid, in the presence of which the process of decomposition of chlorinated solvents is more intensive. Characteristic odor of hydrochloric acid is a signal of the presence of water in the solvent. Hydrolysis dramatically reduces the solubility of chlorinated hydrocarbons, and on the surface to be cleaned remains a large amount of chloride ions stubborn.

The products

To guarantee high-quality cleaning the company must take advantage of reliable equipment allowing to process contaminated objects in an effective cleaning environment. If you are looking for decent ultrasound cleaning devices, drop in at – the official website of a reputed UK ultrasonic cleaner equipment manufacturer. The company offers a wide array of devices at fairly reasonable prices. Being an adherent of innovative manufacturing, the producer offers patented technologies, replenishing the list of the neoteric processing methods on a regular basis.

Understanding The Overhead Cranes Mechanisms

Overhead cranes are the main lifting equipment production halls, indoor and outdoor warehouses. The lifting elements can be represented by hooks, grabs, magnets (bridge cranes, general purpose, grips and other special devices. Cranes, designed to serve the metallurgical plants form a separate group of metallurgical cranes.

Carrying capacity of bridge cranes typically varies in the range of up to 500 tons, spans – 60 m, height – 50 m, while special versions allow working with 600m range (mine cranes). The cabin is located on the bridge crane in the area providing the best view and the safety of the crane, and if necessary – the trolley has the ability to autonomously move along the span of the crane. Valve with the movement speed of 1 m/s can be controlled from the ground.
Remote control functionality is used especially in the presence of the three mechanisms. If rarely used, light-duty cranes are primarily meant, manual transmission devices are taken advantage of. Trucks, and sometimes bridges (explosives) may have a current lead in the form of flexible suspension cable on mobile support.

On the bridge crane can be located two trolleys driving in one or two ways. In case of limited dimensions of the crane height trolley can move inside the bridge. For offloading beyond the span of the crane a truck with a swing arm or cantilever truss can be used. In the circular building cranes move on circular paths of different radii (cranes ring, chordates et al.).
Bridges crane with trolley perform double-girder (leaf and truss) or single-beam, and with manual or electric hoist – one beam (beam cranes). Hoisting crane hook includes a single drum (with heavy-duty two-and chetyrehbarabannuyu) winch with double pulley block and the location of the drum is usually across the bridge. To support operations (including acceleration lifting light loads) the second lifting mechanism is used.

When attaching the hook on a special traverse it can be installed on a rotating mechanism hook. Hoisting can be placed on the rotating frame with drive wheels (rotating trolley). If necessary, the swing of cargo is removed (mainly for metallurgical cranes and stacker cranes) and a stiffer suspension load on the lifting column with guide rods is used.

Bridges movement mechanisms operate with separate drives (one on each side of the bridge), small spans ones are packed with central drive. At high power drive-duty cranes (eg, steel) provide for two mechanisms of movement on each half of the bridge. The mechanisms of movement trolleys similar to the mechanism of movement bridges. Driving wheel in high-load cranes are reinforced with horizontal guide rollers. In the four-wheel drive mechanisms two wheels are typically installed.

The manufacturers

Granada Material Handling, one of the most successful UK overhead cranes and gantry hoist manufacturers, is now expanding its sphere of services to serve the abroad markets. The company has managed to increased its capitalization by 38% since 2012 and now is fairly wearing the status of one of the most innovative companies, which is confirmed by reliability and functionality of the crafted products.